Johnson, Philip (Cortelyou)


Johnson, Philip (Cortelyou)
(8 jul. 1906, Cleveland, Ohio, EE.UU.–27 ene. 2005, New Canaan, Conn.).

Arquitecto y crítico estadounidense. Estudió filosofía y arquitectura en la Universidad de Harvard. Como coautor de El estilo internacional: arquitectura desde 1922 (1932) y director del departamento de arquitectura (1932–34, 1946–57) del Museo de Arte Moderno de la ciudad de Nueva York, hizo mucho para familiarizar a los estadounidenses con la arquitectura europea moderna. Ganó fama con la Casa de Cristal (1949), de su propiedad, en la que logró un equilibrio razonable entre la influencia de Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (quien fue su colaborador en el edificio Seagram) y la alusión clásica. Su estilo tuvo un giro sorprendente con el diseño del edificio institucional de la AT&T en Nueva York (1982), un polémico hito posmodernista. En 1979, Johnson se convirtió en el primer galardonado con el Premio Pritzker de Arquitectura.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Johnson,Philip Cortelyou — Johnson, Philip Cortelyou. Born 1906. American architect who designed the New York State Theater at Lincoln Center (1964) and the American Telephone and Telegraph Headquarters Building, now the Sony Building, (1978), both in New York City. * * * …   Universalium

  • Johnson, Philip Cortelyou — ▪ 2006  American architect (b. July 8, 1906, Cleveland, Ohio d. Jan. 25, 2005, New Canaan, Conn.), wielded great influence in American architectural design, playing a defining role in several 20th century movements, from International Style to… …   Universalium

  • Philip Cortelyou Johnson — Philip Johnson 1963 Philip Cortelyou Johnson (* 8. Juli 1906 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 25. Januar 2005 in New Canaan, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Architekt und Architekturkritiker. Er formte zusammen mit Henry Russel Hitchcock …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Cortelyou Johnson — Philip Johnson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnson. New York State Theater Philip Cortelyou Johns …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johnson, Philip C. — ▪ American architect in full  Philip Cortelyou Johnson   born July 8, 1906, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 25, 2005, New Canaan, Conn.   American architect and critic known both for his promotion of the International Style and, later, for his… …   Universalium

  • Johnson — Johnson, Andrew Johnson, Eyvind Johnson, Lyndon Baines Johnson, Philip Johnson, Samuel * * * (as used in expressions) . Marguerite Johnson Bunche, Ralph (Johnson) Field, Stephen J(ohnson) Heade, Martin Johnson Johnson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JOHNSON (P. C.) — JOHNSON PHILIP CORTELYOU (1906 ) Architecte américain. Après des études à l’université Harvard, Johnson débute comme critique et historien de l’architecture contemporaine. Propagandiste fervent du mouvement rationaliste, il organise en 1932 une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Philip Johnson — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Philip Johnson imagesize = caption = Philip Johnson at age 95 with his model of a 30 by 60 sculpture created for a collector in the Middle East birthname = birthdate = birth date |mf=yes|1906|7|8| location …   Wikipedia

  • Johnson — /jon seuhn/; for 3 also Sw. /yoon sawn/, n. 1. Andrew, 1808 75, seventeenth president of the U.S. 1865 69. 2. Charles Spurgeon /sperr jeuhn/, 1893 1956, U.S. educator and sociologist. 3. Eyvind /ay vin/, 1900 76, Swedish writer: Nobel prize 1974 …   Universalium

  • Philip — /fil ip/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43 48; 6:5 7. 2. one of the leaders of the Christian Hellenists in the early church in Jerusalem who afterwards became an evangelist and missionary. Acts 6; 8:26 40. 3. King (Metacomet),… …   Universalium